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Understanding the Different Types of Cataract Surgery

Your risk of developing cataracts increases with every decade of your life after age 40, with more than  24 million Americans suffering from the condition. When cataracts occur, surgery can allow for replacement of the clouded lens. 

However, not every artificial lens is the same, and you might benefit from a certain type. Here’s what you need to know about your options. 

At Ventura Eye Institute in Camarillo, California, our professional team of eye care specialists can diagnose cataracts and recommend the correct type of cataract surgery to help you preserve your sight. 

What you need to know about cataracts 

Cataracts are extremely common in older people. White people are more likely to develop cataracts than people of other races; 70% of white Americans have cataracts by age 80, compared to 53% of Black Americans. 

The cause of cataracts can vary from person to person. Usually, aging causes the lens in your eye to become thicker and less transparent. Tissue that breaks down and then clumps together causes the cloudy disc-like appearance that is commonly associated with cataracts. 

Certain risk factors can increase your likelihood of developing cataracts, including past eye surgeries, diabetes, and long-term use of steroid medications. Thanks to medical technology, however, most cases of cataracts can be treated effectively with surgery. 

Types of cataract surgery 

The basic concept of cataract surgery is the same across all procedures. Your surgeon numbs the area, removes the clouded lens, and inserts an artificial replacement, or intraocular lens (IOL). 

During your consultation, your surgeon gives you options on which kind of IOL you would like placed in your eye. If you suffer from astigmatism, you can have this issue corrected during the surgery. 

Premium IOLs can also correct refractive errors, so you won’t need to use corrective eyewear after surgery. You also might be a candidate for laser-assisted eye surgery.

Small-incision cataract surgery uses ultrasound to emulsify the cloudy lens, which is irrigated out of your eye through a small incision. Then, a lens implant is put through the opening, where it unfolds into a working lens.  

Some people are not suitable for certain procedures, while others might not benefit from premium IOLs. Your surgeon examines your eyes and discusses your options with you. 

Have you noticed that your vision is becoming hazy or blurry? Are you experiencing a sensitivity to light, double vision, or difficulty seeing and reading? It could be cataracts, even if you’re not over 40.

Get an eye exam and learn more about cataracts by visiting Ventura Eye Institute. Schedule an appointment by calling 805-388-1211, or you can book online.  

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